The Name Dana in Chinese / Japanese...

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Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity

bù shī
fuse
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity Scroll

This title is the Buddhist practice of giving known as Dāna or दान from Pali and Sanskrit.

Depending on the context, this can be alms-giving, acts of charity, offerings (usually money) to a priest for reading sutras or teachings.

Some will put Dāna in these two categories:
1. The pure, or unsullied charity, which looks for no reward here but only in the hereafter.
2. The sullied almsgiving whose object is personal benefit.
The first kind is, of course, the kind that a liberated or enlightened person will pursue.

Others will put Dāna in these categories:
1. Worldly or material gifts.
2. Unworldly or spiritual gifts.

You can also separate Dāna into these three kinds:
1. 財布施 Goods such as money, food, or material items.
2. 法布施 Dharma, as an act to teach or bestow the Buddhist doctrine onto others.
3. 無畏布施 Courage, as an act of facing fear to save someone or when standing up for someone or standing up for righteousness.

The philosophies and categorization of Dāna will vary among various monks, temples, and sects of Buddhism.

Breaking down the characters separately:
(sometimes written ) means to spread out or announce, but also means cloth. In ancient times, cloth or robs were given to the Buddhist monks annually as a gift of alms - I need to do more research, but I believe there is a relationship here.
means to grant, to give, to bestow, to act, to carry out, and by itself can mean Dāna as a single character.

Dāna can also be expressed as 檀那 (pronounced "tán nà" in Mandarin, and dan-na or だんな in Japanese). 檀那 is a transliteration of Dāna. However, it has colloquially come to mean some unsavory or unrelated things in Japanese. So, I think 布施 is better for calligraphy on your wall to remind you to practice Dāna daily (or whenever possible).

dān nà
Dana Scroll

丹娜 is the transliteration to Mandarin Chinese for the female / feminine name Dana.

daana
Dana Scroll

ダーナ is the name Dana in Japanese.


Note: Because this title is entirely Japanese Katakana, it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.

dé nà
Dana Scroll

德納 is the transliteration to Mandarin Chinese for the male / masculine name Dana.


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Dana: Almsgiving and Generosity布施fusebù shī / bu4 shi1 / bu shi / bushipu shih / pushih
Dana丹娜dān nà / dan1 na4 / dan na / dannatan na / tanna
Danaダーナdaana / dana
Dana德納
德纳
dé nà / de2 na4 / de na / denate na / tena
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your dana search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

布施

see styles
bù shī
    bu4 shi1
pu shih
 fuse
    ふせ
Dana Scroll
Dana (Buddhist practice of giving)
(noun/participle) (1) {Buddh} alms-giving; charity; (noun/participle) (2) {Buddh} offerings (usu. money) to a priest (for reading sutras, etc.); (surname) Fuho
dāna 檀那; the sixth pāramitā, almsgiving, i. e. of goods, or the doctrine, with resultant benefits now and also hereafter in the forms of reincarnation, as neglect or refusal will produce the opposite consequences. The 二種布施 two kinds of dāna are the pure, or unsullied charity, which looks for no reward here but only hereafter; and the sullied almsgiving whose object is personal benefit. The three kinds of dāna are goods, the doctrine, and courage, or fearlessness. The four kinds are pens to write the sutras, ink, the sutras themselves, and preaching. The five kinds are giving to those who have come from a distance, those who are going to a distance, the sick, the hungry, those wise in the doctrine. The seven kinds are giving to visitors, travellers, the sick, their nurses, monasteries, endowments for the sustenance of monks or nuns, and clothing and food according to season. The eight kinds are giving to those who come for aid, giving for fear (of evil), return for kindness received, anticipating gifts in return, continuing the parental example of giving, giving in hope of rebirth in a particular heaven, in hope of an honoured name, for the adornment of the heart and life. 倶舍論 18.

ダーナ

see styles
 daana / dana
    ダーナ
Dana Scroll
(personal name) Donna

see styles
shī
    shi1
shih
 se
    はる
(bound form) to put into effect (regulations etc); to distribute (alms etc); to apply (fertilizer etc)
(surname) Haru
dāna 檀那 Alms; charity. To give, bestow. See also 實.

see styles
tán
    tan2
t`an
    tan
 dan
    まゆみ
sandalwood; hardwood; purple-red
(surname, female given name) Mayumi
A hard wood, translit. da, dan. dāna, a giver; donation, charity, almsgiving, bestowing; sandalwood

ダナ

see styles
 dana
    ダナ
(place-name) Dana (Nepal); Danna

デナ

see styles
 dena
    デナ
(personal name) Dana

三檀

see styles
sān tán
    san1 tan2
san t`an
    san tan
 sandan
The three kinds of dāna, i. e. charity; giving of goods, of the dharma, of abhaya, or fearlessness. Idem 三施; three kinds of giving

二檀

see styles
èr tán
    er4 tan2
erh t`an
    erh tan
 nidan
The two dāna 檀那, i. e, kinds of donating, or almsgiving: (a) 世間檀 ordinary alms, and (b) 出世間檀 spiritual, or other-worldly gifts; two kinds of donation

佛檀

see styles
fó tán
    fo2 tan2
fo t`an
    fo tan
 butsudan
buddha-dāna, Buddha-giving contrasted with Māra-giving; Buddha-charity as the motive of giving, or preaching, and of self-sacrifice, or self-immolation; (Skt. buddha-dāna)

六度

see styles
liù dù
    liu4 du4
liu tu
 rokudo
    ろくど
(surname) Rokudo
The six things that ferry one beyond the sea of mortality to nirvana, i. e. the six pāramitās 波羅蜜 (波羅蜜多): (1) 布施 dāna, charity, or giving, including the bestowing of the truth on others; (2) 持戒 śīla, keeping the command rents; (3) 忍辱 kṣānti, patience under insult; (4) 精進 vīrya, zeal and progress; (5) 闡定 dhyāna, meditation or contemplation; (6) 智慧 prajñā; wisdom, the power to discern reality or truth. It is the last that carries across the saṃsāra (sea of incarnate life) to the shores of nirvana. The opposites of these virtues are meanness, wickedness, anger, sloth, a distracted mind, and ignorance. The 唯識論 adds four other pāramitās: (7) 方便 upāya, the use of appropriate means; (8) 願 praṇidhāna, pious vows; (9) 力 bala, power of fulfillment; (10) 智 jñāna knowledge; six perfections

四捨


四舍

see styles
sì shě
    si4 she3
ssu she
 shisha
The four givings, i. e. of goods of the Truth, of courage (or fearlessness), and the giving up of the passions and delusions; cf. dāna-pāramitā, 捨; four kinds of release

妥那

see styles
 dana
    だな
(female given name) Dana

娜拏

see styles
nuó ná
    nuo2 na2
no na
 dana
daṇḍa

怛那

see styles
dán à
    dan2 a4
tan a
 tanna
idem 檀那 dāna, alms, giving, charity; (Skt. dāna)

旦那

see styles
dàn nà
    dan4 na4
tan na
 danna
    あさな
(1) master (of a house, shop, etc.); (2) husband (informal); (3) sir; boss; master; governor; word used to address a male patron, customer, or person of high status; (4) patron of a mistress, geisha, bar or nightclub hostess; sugar daddy; (5) (Buddhist term) alms (san:); almsgiving; almsgiver; (female given name) Asana
dāna-pati

檀越

see styles
tán yuè
    tan2 yue4
t`an yüeh
    tan yüeh
 danotsu
    だんおつ
(Buddhism) benefactor (designation of a lay person by a monk)
alms-giver; person who donates to a monk or a temple; dana-pati
dānapati, an almsgiver, patron; various definitions are given, e.g. one who escapes the karma of poverty by giving; chief donor

檀那

see styles
tán nà
    tan2 na4
t`an na
    tan na
 danna
    だんな
(1) master (of a house, shop, etc.); (2) husband (informal); (3) sir; boss; master; governor; word used to address a male patron, customer, or person of high status; (4) patron of a mistress, geisha, bar or nightclub hostess; sugar daddy; (5) (Buddhist term) alms (san:); almsgiving; almsgiver
陀那 dāna to give, donate, bestow, charity, alms; supporter of a Buddhist temple

田名

see styles
 dana
    だな
(place-name, surname) Dana

陀那

see styles
tuó nà
    tuo2 na4
t`o na
    to na
 dana
dāna, bestow, alms; the marks on a scale; ādāna, another name for the ālaya-vijñāna.

ダナー

see styles
 danaa / dana
    ダナー
(personal name) Danner

デーナ

see styles
 deena
    デーナ
(surname) Dana

世間檀


世间檀

see styles
shì jiān tán
    shi4 jian1 tan2
shih chien t`an
    shih chien tan
 seken dan
Worldly dāna, or giving, i. e. with thoughts of possession, meum, tūm, and the thing given, v. 三礙; mundane alms

四攝法


四摄法

see styles
sì shè fǎ
    si4 she4 fa3
ssu she fa
 shi shōhō
(or 四攝事) catuḥ-saṃgraha-vastu; four all-embracing (bodhisattva) virtues: (1) 布施 dāna, giving what others like, in order to lead them to love and receive the truth; (2) 愛語 priyavacana, affctionate, speech, with the same purpose; (3) 利行 arthakṛtya, conduct proftable to others, with the same purpose; (4) 同事 samānārthatā, co-operation with and adaptation of oneself to others, to lead them into the truth; four methods of winning (people) over

精靈棚


精灵棚

see styles
jīng líng péng
    jing1 ling2 peng2
ching ling p`eng
    ching ling peng
 shōryō dana
The booth, or canopy, where the feast of all souls is provided; spirit's canopy

薩縛達


萨缚达

see styles
sà fú dá
    sa4 fu2 da2
sa fu ta
 sabada
Sarvada the all-giving, or all-abandoning, a name for the Buddha in a former incarnation; sarva-dāna

五波羅密


五波罗密

see styles
wǔ bō luó mì
    wu3 bo1 luo2 mi4
wu po lo mi
 go haramitsu
The five pāramitās (omitting the sixth, wisdom), i. e. dāna, almsgiving: śīla, commandment-keeping; kṣānti, patience (under provocation): vīrya, zeal; and dhyāna, meditation; five perfections

十度三行

see styles
shí dù sān xíng
    shi2 du4 san1 xing2
shih tu san hsing
 jūtosangyō
each of the pāramitās has three forms of observance, e.g. the first, 施 dāna or giving has 財施 almsgiving, 法施 truth-giving, and 無畏施 courage-giving. The three forms differ with each pāramitā; three implementations of each of the ten perfections

橋本ダナ

see styles
 hashimotodana
    はしもとダナ
(person) Hashimoto Dana (1960.12-)

波羅蜜多


波罗蜜多

see styles
bō luó mì duō
    bo1 luo2 mi4 duo1
po lo mi to
 haramitta; haramita
    はらみった; はらみた
{Buddh} (See 波羅蜜・1) pāramitā; perfection; perfection of Buddhist practices or attaining enlightenment
pāramitā, 播囉弭多, derived from parama, highest, acme, is intp. as to cross over from this shore of births and deaths to the other shore, or nirvāṇa. The six pāramitās or means of so doing are: (1) dāna, charity; (2) śīla, moral conduct; (3) kṣānti, patience; (4) vīrya, energy, or devotion; (5) dhyāna, contemplation, or abstraction; (6) prajñā, knowledge. The 十度 ten are the above with (7) upāya, use of expedient or proper means; (8) praṇidhāna, vows, for bodhi and helpfulness; (9) bāla, strength purpose; (10) wisdom. Childers gives the list of ten as the perfect exercise of almsgiving, morality, abnegation of the world and of self, wisdom, energy, patience, truth, resolution, kindness, and resignation. Each of the ten is divisible into ordinary, superior, and unlimited perfection, or thirty in all. pāramitā is tr. by 度; 度無極; 到彼岸; 究竟; (Skt. pāramitā)

Variations:
旦那(P)
檀那

see styles
 danna
    だんな
(1) master (of a house, shop, etc.); (2) (familiar language) husband; (3) (used to address a male patron, customer, or person of high status) sir; boss; master; governor; (4) (See パトロン・2) patron of a mistress, geisha, bar or nightclub hostess; sugar daddy; (5) {Buddh} (orig. meaning; usu. written as 檀那) (See 檀越,檀家) alms (san: dāna); almsgiving; almsgiver

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